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Thread: Tank Measurements

  1. #1

    Tank Measurements

    i search for any book or papers about
    oil & hydrocarbons liquids (products) metering and measuring techniques

    ·Types of measurements (royalty & custody transfers,
    ·Tanks Measurements (Shore Tank, Ship¹s Tank)
    ·OBQ / ROB Measurements
    ·Static & dynamic measurements
    ·Types of flow measurement devices (direct & inferential)
    ·Principals and application of measurement technologies
    ·Volumetric flow
    ·Mass flow
    ·Calibration, master prover certification & master meter
    ·Water-cut meter
    ·Attributes of flow measurement devices




    See More: Tank Measurements

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  3. #2

    Arrow

    In my opinion you may refer following stds.
    API 2531 – Mechanical Displacement Meter Proves – 1st Edition 1963.

    API 2534 - Manual of Petroleum Measure Standards Chapter 5 – Liquid Metering – Section 4 Accessory Equipment for Liquid Meters – 2nd Edition 1987.

    API 2534 - Manual of Petroleum Measure Standards Chapter 5 – Metering – Section 5 Fidelity and Security of Flow Measurement Pulsed-Data Transmission Systems – 1st Edition 1992.

    API 2534 - Manual of Petroleum Measure Standards Chapter 6 – Metering Assemblies – Section 7 Metering Viscous Hydrocarbons – 2nd Edition 1991.

    API 2551 - Method for Measurement and Calibration of Horizontal Tanks – 1st Edition 1965.

    API 2552 - Method for Measurement and Calibration of Spheres and Spheroids – 1st Edition 1965.

    API 2554 - Method for Measurement and Calibration of Tank Cars – 1st Edition 1965.

    API 2555 - Method for Liquid Calibration of Tanks – 1st Edition 1966.

    API 2556 - Correction Gauge Tables for Incrustation – 2nd Edition 1993.

    If you have any other idea do share.

    Thanks
    Last edited by aan09; 08-17-2009 at 08:49 PM.

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  5. #3

  6. #4

  7. #5
    Also this Standards can help

    Reference: American Petroleum Institute (API)
    Manual of Petroleum Measurement Standards
    Chapter 1 Vocabulary
    Chapter 2.2A Measurement and Calibration of Upright Cylindrical Tanks by the Manual
    Strapping Method; 01-Feb-1995
    Chapter 2.2B Calibration of Upright Cylindrical Tanks Using the Optical Reference Line
    Method; 1st Edition, 01-Mar-1989
    Chapter 3 Tank Gauging
    Chapter 3.1A Standard Practice for Manual Gauging of Petroleum and Petroleum
    Products in Stationary Tanks; First Edition 01-Dec-1994; Current
    Revision, dated 5 8/05
    Chapter 3.1B Standard Practice for Level Measurement of Liquid Hydrocarbons in
    Stationary Tanks by Automatic Tank Gauging;
    Second Edition, 01-Jun-2001; Revision 1, Reaffirmed 10/06
    Chapter 3.2 Tank Gauging--Gauging Petroleum and Petroleum Products in Tank
    Cars, Revision 1995; Reaffirmed 3/01
    Chapter 3.3 Standard Practice for Level Measurement of Liquid Hydrocarbons in
    Stationary Pressurized Storage Tanks by Automatic Tank Gauging,
    Revision 1996; Reaffirmed 10/06
    Chapter 3.4 Standard Practice for Level Measurement of Liquid Hydrocarbons on
    Marine Vessels by Automatic Tank Gauging; First Edition, April 1995;
    Reaffirmed 2/06
    Chapter 3.5 Standard Practice for Level Measurement of Light Hydrocarbon Liquids
    Onboard Marine Vessels by Automatic Tank Gauging; First Edition,
    March 1997; Reaffirmed 3/01
    Chapter 3.6 Measurement of Liquid Hydrocarbons by Hybrid Tank Measurement
    Systems. First Edition, April 2001; Reaffirmed 10/06
    (Note: One of two (API 3.6 & 16.2) methods approved for volume
    measurement by API)
    Chapter 7 Temperature Determination; June 2001
    Chapter 7.1 Static Temperature Determination Using Mercury-in-Glass Tank
    Thermometers; 01-Feb-1991
    Chapter 7.2 Dynamic Temperature Determination; Second Edition, March 1995
    Chapter 7.3 Static Temperature Determination Using Portable Electronic
    Thermometers; 01-Jul-1985
    Chapter 7.4 Static Temperature Determination Using Fixed Automatic Tank
    Thermometers; 01-Jan-1993
    Chapter 8.1 Manual Sampling of Petroleum and Petroleum Products; October 1995
    Chapter 8.3 Mixing and Handling of Liquid Samples of Petroleum and Petroleum
    Products; 10-Jan-1996
    Chapter 8.4 Standard Practice for Sampling and Handling of Fuels for Volatility
    Measurement; Second Edition, 01-Dec-2004
    Chapter 9 Density Determination
    Chapter 9.1 Hydrometer Test Method for Density, Relative Density (Specific Gravity),
    or API Gravity of Crude Petroleum and Liquid Petroleum Products;
    01-Dec-2002
    Chapter 9.2 Standard Test Method for Density or Relative Density of Light
    Hydrocarbons by Pressure Hydrometer, Second Edition; 01-Mar-2003
    Chapter 9.3 Standard Test Method for Density, Relative Density, and API Gravity of
    Crude Petroleum and Liquid Petroleum Products by Thermohydrometer
    Method; 01-Nov-2002
    Chapter 10 Sediment and Water
    Chapter 10.1 Standard Test Method for Sediment in Crude Oils and Fuel Oils by the
    Extraction Method; Second Edition, 01-Oct-2002
    Chapter 10.2 Determination of Water in Crude Oil by Distillation;
    1st Edition, 01-Apr-1981; Revision 2005.
    Chapter 10.3 Standard Test Method for Water and Sediment in Crude Oil by the
    Centrifuge Method (Laboratory Procedure), Second Edition
    Edition: 01-May-2003
    Chapter 10.4 Determination of Sediment and Water in Crude Oil by the Centrifuge
    Method (Field Procedure); Third Edition, 01-Jan-1999
    Chapter 10.5 Manual of Petroleum Measurement Standards, Chapter 10-Sediment and
    Water, Section 5-Standard Test Method for Water in Petroleum Products
    and Bituminous Materials by Distillation; Fourth Edition, 01-Aug-2005
    Chapter 10.6 Standard Test Method for Water and Sediment in Fuel Oils by the
    Centrifuge Method (Laboratory Procedure); Fourth Edition, 01-Dec-2004
    Chapter 10.7 Sediment and Water - Section 7 - Standard Test Method for Water in
    Crude Oils by Potentiometric Karl Fischer Titration; 01-Dec-2002
    Chapter 10.8 Standard Test Method for Sediment in Crude Oil by Membrane Filtration;
    Second Edition, 01-Nov-2005
    Chapter 11.0 Volume Correction Factors
    Chapter 11.1 Temperature and pressure volume correction factors for generalized
    Crude oils, refined products, and lubricating oils. Revision 4 - May 2004
    Chapter 11.1 - 11-50 Temperature and pressure volume correction factors for
    generalized Crude oils, refined products, and lubricating oils. Revision 4 -
    May 2004
    Chapter 11.1 - 2-10 Temperature and pressure volume correction factors for
    generalized Crude oils, refined products, and lubricating oils. Revision 4 -
    May 2004
    Chapter 11.1 - 51+ Temperature and pressure volume correction factors for generalized
    Crude oils, refined products, and lubricating oils. Revision 4 - May 2004
    Chapter 12 Calculation of Petroleum Quantities
    Chapter 12.1.1 Interim Guidelines Interim Guidelines for the Determination of Ambient
    Air Temperature - Calculation of Petroleum Quantities - Part 1: Upright
    Cylindrical Tanks and Marine Vessels; 24-Apr-1998
    Chapter 12.1.2 API Manual of Petroleum Measurement Standards 12.1.2, Calculation of
    Petroleum Quantities; 1st Edition, 01-Nov-2001
    Chapter 12.2 Calculation Using Dynamic Measurement Methods and Volumetric
    Correction Factors. Edition 01-Jun-2003
    Chapter 14 Natural Gas Fluids Measurement
    Chapter 14.4 Converting Mass of Natural Gas Liquids and Vapors to Equivalent
    Liquid Volumes. First Edition, April 1991
    Chapter 14.7 Natural Gas Fluids Measurement: Standard for Mass Measurement of
    Natural Gas Liquids; 01-Jan-1995, Revision 2006
    Chapter 15 Guidelines for the Use of the International System of Units (SI) in
    the Petroleum and Allied Industries. API Publication 2564. Second
    Edition, December 1983, Reaffirmed, August 1987
    Chapter 16 Measurement of Hydrocarbon Fluids by Weight or Mass
    Chapter 16.2 Mass Measurement of Liquid Hydrocarbons in Vertical Cylindrical Storage
    Tanks by Hydrostatic Tank Gauging. First Edition, November 1994
    Reaffirmed 3/02
    (Note: One of two methods for volume measurement approved by API)
    Chapter 17 Marine Measurement
    Chapter 17.2 Measurement of Cargoes On Board Tank Vessels; First Edition, July
    1990
    Chapter 17.2A Closed and Restricted Measurement; First Edition, November 1995
    Chapter 19 Evaporative Loss Measurement
    Chapter 19.1 Evaporative Loss from Fixed-Roof Tanks; Third Edition, 01-Mar-2002
    Chapter 19.2 Evaporative Loss from Floating Roof Tanks; Second Edition, 01-Sep-
    2003
    Chapter 19.3A Wind Tunnel Test Method for the Measurement of Deck-Fitting Loss
    Factors for External Floating-Roof Tanks; 01-Jun-1997
    Chapter 19.3B Evaporative Loss Measurement: Air Concentration Test Method - Rim
    Seal Loss Factors for Internal Floating Roof Tanks; 01-Aug-1997
    API RP 500 Recommended Practices for Classification of Locations for Electrical
    Installations at Petroleum Facilities Classified as Class I, Division I and
    Division 2; 2nd Edition, 01-Nov-1997
    API 653 Tank Inspections, Repair, Alteration, and Reconstruction
    First Edition, January 1991, Supplement 1, January 1992
    Addendum 1-Tank Inspection, Repair, Alteration, and Reconstruction;
    Third Edition, 08-Sep-2003
    Addendum 2; Tank Inspection, Repair, Alteration, and Reconstruction;
    Third Edition, 01-Nov-2005
    API RP 2003 Recommended Practices for Protection against Ignition Arising Out of
    Static, Lightning, and Stray Currents; 10-Sep-1998
    API 2509B Shop Testing of Automatic Liquid Level Gauges
    December 1961, Reaffirmed, August 1987
    (Mechanical Tank Gauges)
    API RP 2510 Recommended Practices for The Design and Construction of Liquefied
    Petroleum Gas Installations at Marine and Pipeline Terminals, Natural
    Gasoline Plants, Refineries, and Tank Farms; 01-May-2001
    API 2545 Method of Gauging Petroleum and Petroleum Products; October 1965,
    Reaffirmed, October 1992 (Hand Line Measurement, i.e., Custody
    Transfer)

    Reference: ASTM International (American Standard Testing Materials)
    D287-92e1 Test Method for API Gravity of Crude Petroleum and Petroleum Products
    (Hydrometer Method) 2000
    D1250 Volume Correction Factors (Joint Standard with API MPMS Chapter 11.1)
    D1250-04 Standard Guide for Use of the Petroleum Measurement Tables; 2000
    Adjunct to D1250 – Temperature and pressure volume correction factors
    for generalized crude oils, refined products, and lubricating oils.
    01-May-2004, D1250 ADJ CD-2-10
    D1298-99e2 Test Method for Density, Relative Density (Specific Gravity), or API
    Gravity of Crude Petroleum and Liquid Petroleum Products by
    Hydrometer Method; 10-Jun-1999
    D2161-05 Conversion of Kinematic Viscosity to Saybolt Universal Viscosity or to
    Saybolt Furol Viscosity; 01-Apr-2005
    D4052-96 Density and Relative Density of Liquids by Digital Density Meter;
    10-Apr-1996
    D4052-96(2002)e1 Standard Test Method for Density and Relative Density of Liquids
    by Digital Density Meter; Revised 2002
    D4177-95 Automatic Sampling of PETROLEUM and PETROLEUM Products;
    10-Apr-2000
    D5002-94 Density and Relative Density of Crude Oils by Digital Density Analyzer
    D5002-99 Standard Test Method for Density and Relative Density of Crude Oils by
    Digital Density Analyzer; Revised 01-Nov-2005

    Reference: International Standards Organization (ISO)
    Petroleum and Liquid Petroleum Products
    ISO 91-1:1992 Petroleum measurement tables -- Part 1: Tables based on
    reference temperatures of 15 degrees C and 60 degrees F
    ISO 91-2:1991 Petroleum measurement tables -- Part 2: Tables based on a
    reference temperature of 20 degrees C
    ISO/CD 3170 Petroleum liquids -- Manual sampling
    ISO 3170 AMD 1 Petroleum liquids - Manual sampling; Amendment 1, 01-Feb-1998
    ISO 3171:1998 Petroleum liquids – Automatic pipeline sampling
    ISO 3675:1998 Crude petroleum and liquid petroleum products; Laboratory
    determination of density, Hydrometer method
    ISO 3838:2004 Crude Petroleum and liquid petroleum products; Determination of
    density or relative density, Capillary-stoppered pyknometer and
    graduated bicapillary methods.
    ISO 3993:1984 Liquefied petroleum gas and light hydrocarbons -- Determination
    of density or relative density -- Pressure hydrometer method
    ISO 4257:2001 Liquefied petroleum gases; Method of sampling
    ISO 4266:1994 Petroleum and liquid petroleum products -- Measurement of
    temperature and level in storage tanks -- Automatic methods
    ISO 4266 - Part 1: 2002 Petroleum and liquid petroleum products – Measurement of
    level and temperature in storage tanks by automatic methods -
    Part 1: Measurement of level in atmospheric tanks
    ISO 4266 – Part 2: 2002 Petroleum and liquid petroleum products - Measurement of
    level and temperature in storage tanks by automatic methods --
    Part 2: Measurement of level in marine vessels
    ISO 4266 – Part 3:2002 Petroleum and liquid petroleum products - Measurement of
    level and temperature in storage tanks by automatic methods -
    Part 3: Measurement of level in pressurized storage tanks (nonrefrigerated)
    ISO 4266 – Part 4: 2002 Petroleum and liquid petroleum products - Measurement of
    level and temperature in storage tanks by automatic methods -
    Part 4: Measurement of temperature in atmospheric tanks
    ISO 4266 - Part 5: 2002 Petroleum and liquid petroleum products - Measurement of
    level and temperature in storage tanks by automatic methods --
    Part 5: Measurement of temperature in marine vessels
    ISO 4266 – Part 6: 2002 Petroleum and liquid petroleum products - Measurement of
    level and temperature in storage tanks by automatic methods -
    Part 6: Measurement of temperature in pressurized storage tanks
    (non-refrigerated)
    ISO 4268:2000 Petroleum and liquid petroleum products - Temperature
    measurements - Manual methods
    ISO 4269:2001 Petroleum and liquid petroleum products - Tank calibration by
    liquid measurement; Incremental method using volumetric meters
    ISO 4512:2000 Petroleum and liquid petroleum products – Equipment for
    measurement of liquid levels in storage tanks; Manual method.
    ISO 5024:1999 Petroleum liquids and liquefied petroleum gases – Measurement;
    Standard reference conditions
    ISO/TR 7507-1:2003 Petroleum and liquid petroleum products -- Calibration of vertical
    cylindrical tanks; Part 1: Strapping method
    ISO/TR 7507-2:2005 Petroleum and liquid petroleum products -- Calibration of vertical
    cylindrical tanks; Part 2: Optical-reference-line method
    ISO/TR 7507-3:2006 Petroleum and liquid petroleum products -- Calibration of vertical
    cylindrical tanks; Part 3: Optical-triangulation method
    ISO/TR 7507-4:1995 Petroleum and liquid petroleum products -- Calibration of vertical
    cylindrical tanks; Part 4: Internal electro-optical distance-ranging
    method
    ISO/TR 7507-5:2000 Petroleum and liquid petroleum products -- Calibration of vertical
    cylindrical tanks; Part 5: External electro-optical distance-ranging
    method
    ISO/TR 7507-6:1997 Petroleum and liquid petroleum products -- Calibration of vertical
    cylindrical tanks -- Part 6: Recommendations for monitoring,
    checking and verification of tank calibration and capacity table
    ISO 8222:2002 Petroleum measurement systems -- Calibration -- Temperature
    corrections for use when calibrating volumetric proving tanks
    ISO 9770:1989 Crude petroleum and petroleum products – Compressibility factors
    for hydrocarbons in the range 638 Kg/m3 to 1,074 kg/m3
    ISO 11223:2004 Petroleum and liquid petroleum products -- Direct static
    measurements – Measurement of contents of vertical storage
    tanks by hydrostatic tank gauging
    ISO 11223-1:1995 Petroleum and liquid petroleum products -- Direct static
    measurements -- Contents of vertical storage tanks -- Part 1:
    Mass measurement by hydrostatic tank gauging; Revision 3,
    5/19/03 WITHDRAWN
    ISO 12917-1:2002 Petroleum and liquid petroleum products – Calibration of
    horizontal cylinder tanks; Part 1: Manual methods
    ISO 12917-2:2002 Petroleum and liquid petroleum products – Calibration of
    horizontal cylinder tanks; Part 2: Internal electro-optical distance
    ranging method
    ISO 15169:2003 Petroleum and liquid petroleum products – Determination of
    volume, density and mass of the hydrocarbon content of vertical
    cylindrical tanks by Hybrid tank measurement systems.
    Reference: British Standards
    BS 7849 P1 Petroleum and Petroleum Products – Direct Static Measurements;
    Contents of vertical storage tanks, Part 1 – Mass Measurement by
    Hydrostatic Tank Gauging. Revision 1996
    Reference: Organisation Internationale de Metrologie Legale (OIML)
    (Organization International of Metrology Legal)
    R 85 - EN Automatic level gauges for measuring the level of liquid in fixed storage
    tanks 1998
    R 117 - EN Measuring systems for liquids other than water 1995
    R 125 - EN Measuring systems for the mass of liquids in tanks 1998
    NOTE: OIML has yet to adopt a standard for Hybrid measurement of liquids in fixed
    storage tanks. API, ISO, GOST, BS and others have adopted Hybrid and Hydrostatic as
    the two methods for volumetric measurement. Everyone else in the world recognizes
    that volume is not determined by level alone.
    The standards and publications listed are available through the organization referenced;
    American Petroleum Institute (API), ASTM International, International Standards
    Organization (ISO), and the International Organization of Legal Metrology (OIML).
    If you have trouble finding these standards, contact Gauging Systems Inc. (GSI).

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  9. #6

    Arrow

    Quote Originally Posted by Mohamed Elhagar View Post
    very thanks for your reply can you give me link for this
    API 2551 - Method for Measurement and Calibration of Horizontal Tanks – 1st Edition 1965.
    I have this std , pls forward your e-mail to aan_09@rediffmail.com , size is approx 1.3 mb unable to attach here for other friends.

  10. #7

    My threads; funkkkky :


    • #8
      can any one give me the link for Above Ground Storage Tanks
      by Philip Myers or e-mail me to ravisankar1957@hotmail.com

      My threads; JANAKI :


      • i am also interested in receiving a copy. Here's my e-mail: arnel_ado@yahoo.com.

        My threads; arnel_ado :


      • Bluejys

        I need Storage Tank Design material.Plz send a link to my e-mail: amjdlodhi4ever@hotmail.com

        Thanks

        My threads; bluejays4ever :


        • #11

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